Total Tyrosinase Cell-Based Colorimetric ELISA Kit

  • Catalog No.:KA4313C
  • Applications:ELISA
  • Reactivity:Human
    • Gene Name:
    • TYR
    • Human Gene Id:
    • 7299
    • Human Swiss Prot No:
    • P14679
    • Mouse Swiss Prot No:
    • P11344
    • Storage Stability:
    • 4°C/6 months
    • Other Name:
    • Tyrosinase (EC 1.14.18.1) (LB24-AB) (Monophenol monooxygenase) (SK29-AB) (Tumor rejection antigen AB)
    • Detection Method:
    • Colorimetric
    • Background:
    • catalytic activity:L-tyrosine + L-dopa + O(2) = L-dopa + dopaquinone + H(2)O.,cofactor:Binds 2 copper ions per subunit.,disease:Defects in TYR are the cause of oculocutaneous albinism type I temperature-sensitive (OCA-ITS) [MIM:606952]. OCA-ITS patients have white axillary and scalp hair and pigmented arm and leg hair.,disease:Defects in TYR are the cause of oculocutaneous albinism type IA (OCA-IA) [MIM:203100]. OCA-I, also known as tyrosinase negative oculocutaneous albinism, is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by absence of pigment in hair, skin and eyes. OCA-I is divided into 2 types: type IA, characterized by complete lack of tyrosinase activity due to production of an inactive enzyme, and type IB characterized by reduced activity of tyrosinase. OCA-IA patients presents with the life-long absence of melanin pigment after birth and manifest increased sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation and to predisposition to skin cancer.,disease:Defects in TYR are the cause of oculocutaneous albinism type IB (OCA-IB) [MIM:606952]; also known as albinism yellow mutant type. OCA-IB patients have white hair at birth that rapidly turns yellow or blond. They manifest the development of minimal-to-moderate amounts of cutaneous and ocular pigment.,function:This is a copper-containing oxidase that functions in the formation of pigments such as melanins and other polyphenolic compounds. Catalyzes the rate-limiting conversions of tyrosine to DOPA, DOPA to DOPA-quinone and possibly 5,6-dihydroxyindole to indole-5,6 quinone.,induction:Increased expression after UV-B radiation.,online information:Retina International's Scientific Newsletter,online information:Snowy stardom - Issue 49 of August 2004,online information:TYR mutations,online information:Tyrosinase entry,polymorphism:Compound heterozygosity for the R402Q polymorphism and a mutant allele of TYR is a common cause of autosomal recessive ocular albinism. The R402Q polymorphism is also found in Waardenburg syndrome type II with ocular albinism (WS2-OA) in association with a deletion in the MITF gene.,polymorphism:Genetic variations in TYR are associated with skin/hair/eye pigmentation type 3 (SHEP3) [MIM:601800]. Hair, eye and skin pigmentation are among the most visible examples of human phenotypic variation, with a broad normal range that is subject to substantial geographic stratification. In the case of skin, individuals tend to have lighter pigmentation with increasing distance from the equator. By contrast, the majority of variation in human eye and hair color is found among individuals of European ancestry, with most other human populations fixed for brown eyes and black hair.,similarity:Belongs to the tyrosinase family.,
    • Function:
    • tyrosine metabolic process, melanin metabolic process, melanin biosynthetic process from tyrosine, eye pigment biosynthetic process, sensory perception, visual perception, aromatic amino acid family metabolic process, secondary metabolic process, melanin biosynthetic process, pigment metabolic process, eye pigment metabolic process,pigmentation, pigment biosynthetic process, pigmentation during development, eye pigmentation, neurological system process, cognition, sensory perception of light stimulus, oxidation reduction,